Arkansas Department of Education Division of Elementary and Secondary Education Smart Snacks Regulations and Second Trays

Memo Information

Memo Number
CNU-19-005
Memo Date
7/31/2018
Memo Type
Regulatory
Unit
Child Nutrition
Regulatory Authority
Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act: Smart Snacks Final Rule; Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003: ADE Final Rules Governing Nutrition, Physical Activity, and BMI
Response Required
NO
Attention
Superintendents; Principals

Primary Contact Information

Memo Reference

No references available.

Memo Text

ATTENTION:  CO-OP DIRECTORS; ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS; MIDDLE SCHOOL PRINCIPALS; HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPALS; SECONDARY PRINCIPALS; CHILD NUTRITION DIRECTORS; WELLNESS COMMITTEES

 

 

The purpose of this memo is to explain the relationship between the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s Smart Snacks Regulations and Second Trays.  If second trays are served in any form, each item on the tray MUST meet Smart Snacks Regulations and Arkansas Nutrition Standards.

 

For the purpose of this memo, “second trays” can refer to multiple forms of a reimbursable tray served as a second meal:  whole trays as a la carte, entrée only as a la carte, or entrée and/or side items as a la carte.

 

Reminders:  Second trays are not reimbursable.  Second trays are a la carte/competitive foods.  Competitive foods MUST meet Smart Snacks Regulations.  Per USDA regulations, “Competitive food means all food and beverages other than meals reimbursed under programs authorized by the Richard B Russell National School Lunch Act and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 available for sale to students on the school campus during the school day.”

 

A second tray that meets meal pattern for breakfast or lunch will not necessarily meet Smart Snacks Regulations.  Each item on a second tray must be considered individually for comparison to the Smart Snacks Regulations and the Arkansas Nutrition Standards.

 

Entrees of Second Meals

 

Entrees that have been served as part of the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) or School Breakfast Program (SBP) reimbursable meal are exempt from the Smart Snacks requirements on the day of service in the NSLP and SBP, as well as the day after such an entrée is served in the NSLP or SBP as part of the reimbursable meal, whether as leftovers or simply cooked again on the second day (see USDA SP-23-2014 v.3 Q&A Related to the “Smart Snacks” Interim Final Rule page 6).  On the third day, the entrée must meet Smart Snacks Regulations. 

 

Entrees are defined as an item that includes only the following three categories of main dish food items:  A combination food of meat or meat alternate and whole grain rich bread; or a combination food of vegetable or fruit and meat or meat alternate; or a meat or meat alternate alone, with the exception of yogurt, low-fat or reduced fat cheese, nuts, seeds and nut or seed butters. 

 

For the SBP, schools may determine their entrée items. 

 

Side items of Second Meals

 

Side items (any item other than the entrée) on second trays have no exemptions and must meet Smart Snacks Regulations and Arkansas Nutrition Standards on each day served.  Please refer to Commissioner’s Memo CNU-16-044

 

How can my cafeteria sell WHOLE second trays? 

 

The entrée item must be evaluated. 

  • Is it being served on the day of service in a reimbursable meal or the day after service?  If yes, the entrée is exempt from Smart Snacks Regulations.  If no, the entrée must meet Smart Snacks Regulations (See attached flow chart and/or Alliance Calculator). 

Side items must be evaluated. 

  • Must meet both Smart Snack Regulations (see attached flow chart and/or Alliance Calculator) and Arkansas Nutrition Standards every day they are part of a second tray. 

How can my cafeteria sell the entrée and the side items of a second tray as individual items for a la carte? 

 

The entrée item must be evaluated. 

  • Is it being served on the day of service in a reimbursable meal or the day after service?  If yes, the entrée is exempt from Smart Snacks Regulations.  If no, the entrée must meet Smart Snacks Regulations (See attached flow chart and/or Alliance Calculator). 

 

Side items must be evaluated.

  • Must meet both Smart Snack Regulations (see attached flow chart and/or Alliance Calculator) and Arkansas Nutrition Standards every day they are part of a second tray. 

Example:  On Tuesday, chicken strips were served as the entrée of a reimbursable lunch.  Therefore, the chicken strips could be sold as a second meal (any form) on Tuesday or Wednesday without further documentation.  If chicken strips were served as a second meal on Thursday, they would have to meet Smart Snack requirements.  Any side dishes served with the chicken strips would require documentation that they meet Smart Snack Regulations and Arkansas Nutrition Standards on any day they are sold as part of a second tray (any form). 

 

Resources

 

The nutrition standards and nutrient requirements for entrees and side dishes are outlined on the attached “Understanding Second Trays Flowchart.”  The attached USDA “Smart Snacks in School” handout and USDA’s “Smart Snacks in School Nutrition Standards Interim Final Rule Questions and Answers Version 3” are also helpful.  The Alliance for a Healthier Generation Product Calculator should be used to determine and document whether entrees and side items on a second tray met Smart Snacks requirements. 

 

https://schools.healthiergeneration.org/focus_areas/snacks_and_beverages/smart_snacks/alliance_product_calculator

 

The Arkansas Nutrition Standards can be found in the ADE Rules Governing Nutrition, Physical Activity and BMI:  http://www.arkansased.gov/public/userfiles/rules/Current/2016/Nutrition_and_Physical_Activity_Standards_Rules_Final.pdf

 

Summary

 

Second trays (including each item on the tray) must be treated as though they are an a la carte item; and, therefore, must meet all federal and state nutrition standards for competitive foods. 

 

Second Trays = a la Carte = Smart Snacks and Arkansas Nutrition Standards. 

 

If you have any questions or concerns, contact your Area Specialist or Stephanie Alsbrook at stephanie.alsbrook@arkansas.gov or (501) 324-9502. 

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